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Plantar Fasciitis

What is plantar fasciitis, and what causes it?

  • Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. Plantar fasciitis can be a very painful condition. It is caused by inflammation in the tissue that connects the base of your toes to your heel bone. It is generally most painful in the morning after waking up and tends to get worse as the condition persists.
  • Typically, the main plantar fasciitis symptom is a stabbing pain around the heel of your foot. Long periods of inactivity, such as when sitting or sleeping, or standing for a long time can make the pain worse.
  • The plantar fascia of your foot typically works to absorb shock and support your foot arch. However, repetitive stress and tension in this tissue can cause stretching and tearing, which can lead to pain.

Those within the 40-60 year age range are most likely to develop plantar fasciitis. Dancers, runners, and other individuals that partake in sports that place extra stress on this part of the foot are also prone to developing this condition. This also goes for those who spend long periods of time on their feet throughout the day. Occupations that require you to stand for most of the day can put you more at risk for developing plantar fasciitis.

The distribution of your weight on your foot also impacts how much stress is placed on your plantar fascia. Those with flat feet, high arches, or abnormal walking patterns can be at risk for developing this condition. Also, carrying excess weight is a risk factor.

A man with his foot raised on a step, tying his running shoe with setting sun in the background